Tag Archives: Royal Ontario Museum

The more points we can collect on the starburst of cultural and evolutionary trajectories, the better we can understand ourselves and the environment that supports us.
– Mark Engstrom, Deputy Director, Collections & Research, ROM

The Future Does Not Compute

Screenshot 2018-04-17 16.44.49

I bought a copy of the Toronto Star this morning, and came across this article:  Rogers Centre becomes 5G test hub.  It describes in some detail a “vision” of how the future of our industries and our daily lives will be impacted by 5G, and hints at vast new profit-making opportunities.

Shortly after reading the article, I found myself contemplating a small bust of Alexander at the Royal Ontario Museum.  Here I experienced a very different kind of vision – that of a great leader who understood civilization in human terms.

Why is it that I find the sculpture more inspiring – and useful – than yet another generation of data processing?  Perhaps it’s because I recognize forces at work in civilization that never become visible – and therefore escape the notice of digital machines.  I’ll close this post with a quote from Peter Senge:

System thinking teaches that there are two types of complexity – the “detail complexity” of many variables, and the “dynamic complexity” when “cause and effect” are not close in time and space and obvious interventions do not produce desired outcomes.


The ROM Re-Invests In The Humanities

Who cares about the Humanities?  Apparently, the ROM does.  At a time when all the “smart” money is going into digital wonders, these folks are going analog…


Tympanum above the entrance doors

On Tuesday December 12 at noon, there will be a public ceremony re-opening the Weston (University Avenue) Entrance. (See details here.)  Although the Eastern Wing (opened in 1933) is sometimes described as a make-work project to relieve unemployment during the Depression, it is clearly much more than that.  Where else in North America will you find a hand-made building, with detailed finishing by highly-skilled artisans?

The ROM storytellers have a world-class story on their hands.ROM1 (2)


Teeth, Spikes, And The Nature Of Thinking

Wiwaxia Flandrin

Predatory threats and defensive responses is a central theme in the Dawn Of Life exhibit at the ROM.  The spiny-backed mollusc, Wiwaxia (above left), is an example of how a peace-loving algae-eater was able to protect itself from hungry predators.  As I view these fossils and the brilliant reconstructions in the Gallery, I reflect on my own carbon unit.  Although I am living a half-billion years later than Wiwaxia, I understand that similar predatory and defensive mechanisms are available to me today – deeply buried, but there nevertheless.

This has led to many deeper reflections about the complexities and mysteries of the human organism.  Thinking Through The Body by Richard Shusterman is proving to be a very helpful guide.  (Young Man By The Sea, by Hipplolyte Flandrin, above right, is featured on the book’s cover.)  Being in touch with the human body opens many doors that remain closed to mere intellectual inquiry.

At one point, Shusterman suggests that our ability to pay conscious attention to what is happening is a uniquely human survival tool – more powerful than sharp teeth and prickly spines:

As human consciousness evolved to help us survive in an ever-changing world, our attention has become habituated to – and requires – change.

Of course, humans also have the capacity to concentrate attention on activity that has nothing to do with their current physical environment.  And on this topic, Wiwaxia is silent.

Turtle Island and The Dawn Of Life

'Turtle Island' by David Parson

‘Turtle Island’ by David Parson

The more points we can collect on the starburst of cultural and evolutionary trajectories, the better we can understand ourselves and the environment that supports us.  

– Mark Engstrom, Deputy Director, Collections & Research, ROM

The Royal Ontario Museum has a mission to connect the study of nature with the arts and world cultures.  I am pursuing this theme here, with the help of the humble turtle.

Turtle Island is an Iroquois creation story.  It tells how a great tree was uprooted in the Sky World, and describes what followed when a pregnant woman fell through the hole.  (The story is posted in an exhibit at the ROM, and I have reproduced the text at the end of this post.)

Like many other creation stories, this one suggests that human beings were created from the outside, by centripetal forces.  The human spirit does not arise out of a natural process, but only arrives when the ground has been prepared, so to speak.  It is interesting to compare this with our modern scientific conception – that human beings evolve from inside nature, in a centrifugal process.

Perhaps it is not a coincidence that the proposed space for the ROM’s new Dawn Of Life Gallery is directly above tbe Daphne Cockwell Gallery of Canada: First Peoples.  Lots of opportunities for dialogue and new insights!

Iroquois Creation Story (in the Daphne Cockwell Gallery of Canada: First Peoples)

Countless generations ago there existed beings who inhabited the Sky World. One day a great tree was uprooted in this world, creating a hole through which a pregnant woman fell. As she fell, the woman’s descent was broken by a flock of water fowl, who then placed her on the back of a great sea turtle. The water animals retrieved some earth from the bottom of the sea and placed it on the turtle’s back. As the woman walked about, the earth began to grow, forming Turtle Island.

In time the woman gave birth to a daughter. When the daughter reached womanhood, a spirit placed two arrows across her abdomen and she became pregnant with twins. The mother died during childbirth, and the twins argued incessantly as they grew to be young men. One twin created things of beauty, while the other twin created mischief. Eventually the twins fought, and the victorious brother turned to a final task. He formed a figure from the earth and gave it life. This being was the first of our people. – Iroquois Creation Story, posted at the ROM


Figuring Out How To Survive

ROM Survival PostThus, from the war of nature, from famine and death, the most exalted object which we are capable of conceiving, namely, the production of the higher animals, directly follows. There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.”

This passage from Charles Darwin is featured prominently in the Dawn Of Life Preview Gallery.  Elsewhere, I found this elegant phrase by ROM Senior Curator Jean-Bernard Caron:

Anomalocaris and similar hunters would have played a key role in this initial evolutionary arms race, with prey evolving protective structures in response to predatory threats.

It would be fun to circulate these passages to a group of English literature students, and ask them to analyze the writing style and use of metaphor.  Some very rich possibilities here – but I digress.

Again, my question is, who AM i, and where do i COME from?  I know that I have lots of predatory and defensive resources, but does that define me?  I don’t think so.  Could it be that these verbs – AM, COME – have a different source?  Jus’ thinkin’…


A Forebear Of Mine?


Reconstruction of Hallucigenia, ROM Collection

When we speak of genealogy, we are usually thinking of parents and grandparents, and perhaps we also feel a mysterious connection to tales about our ancestors in more  ancient times.  It’s not an exact science, but we can begin to see that many of our  traits and behaviours are inherited, and not unique to us.

The Dawn Of Life Preview Exhibit at the ROM gives us the opportunity to see a 500-million-year horizon – a mind-boggling exploration! Suddenly, our genealogy project seems very daunting.  What do these strange, wriggly things have to do with us???

Here’s what I’ve come up with so far:  Biologists tell us that the first living organisms appeared on the Earth about four billion years ago and began to evolve very slowly.  Organisms normally inherited their physical characteristics from their parents, but when mutations occurred, new characteristics, and ultimately new species, arose.  At a certain point (we can’t say exactly when,) organisms appeared that contained all the basic genetic material found in organisms today.  In other words, all living things can be traced back to a single lifeform – to a universal common ancestor (UCA).  

Biologists consider the “gene” to be the molecular unit of heredity. They describe a genetic “code,” or set of rules, that govern biological evolution.  They classify and organize all lifeforms in a hierarchical chart, based on differences in their genetic code.  When life is modeled in this way, it creates a branching, tree-like pattern called a phylogeny. The UCA is at the root of the tree, and all the current species are like leaves on the tips of branches.

A Poster in the Biodiversity Gallery provides a good summary:

This [phylogenic] tree depicts major life forms, based on their evolutionary relationships.  The earliest life forms lived four billion years ago.  If each species living today were represented by a leaf, there would be more than two million leaves.  Only one would represent humans.

Hmmm…This line of thought is a helpful foundation perhaps, but does it really explain who we ARE, and where we  COME from?  I think I need to work with this a bit more…

(Thanks to Michael Foisey for his helpful comments on my original text.)


Culture Leads, Commerce Follows


Source: ROM Magazine, Spring 2017, Page 11

Connecting cultures, the painted cottons drove the spice trade in Southeast Asia, drew Europeans to India, caused riots in Paris, and ultimately gave rise to the Industrial Revolution, spreading as they did a universal design vocabulary.  

In the current issue of ROM Magazine (Spring 2017), Sara Fee writes about Painted Cottons – Painted And Printed Textiles That Changed The World.  (Read the article here.)  In a few short sentences, she turns history upside-down, and reminds me why museums are so important!

In our increasingly technocratic society, we are being cajoled, hectored and assailed on all sides to INNOVATE, and we forget how much we owe to our forebears.  Museums show us again and again that the past is present, and the stories they tell us are our human capital.  Shame on us if we don’t re-invest it!

Lewis Lapham often cites this pithy quote from Goethe:

He who cannot live on [at least] three thousand years is living hand to mouth.